shop8admin, March 5, 2017
Onion harvest has started in some areas, such as Nganjuk and Probolinggo. However, extreme weather conditions that occurred this year make onion production of farmers losing half of normal conditions.
“Under normal conditions, the average onion production 20 tons per hectare. Now the average production of 10 tons to 11 tons per hectare,” said Vice Chairman of the Indonesian Red Onion Seed Association (APBMI), Akat, told Tempo on Tuesday, 30 July 2013.
In addition to the production down, Akat said the cost of onion production in the growing season is also increasing. Akat example, the current cost of onion production in Probolinggo of Rp 75 million per hectare, while in Nganjuk Rp 90 million per hectare, including land lease costs.
“This year, the high production costs due to higher seed prices. Maintenance costs are also high due to the high need for pesticides. Additionally, labor costs are also rising,” said Akat.
Akat said that onion prices at the farm level Rp 25 thousand to Rp 30 thousand per kilogram. Akat admitted, with this price level, farmers are still able to enjoy the benefit.
Despite declining production, Akat not expect the government to tap the import of red onions. Moreover, the peak onion production will take place on August 2013. Akat said it feared import onion to make onion prices at the farm gate sag.
“New no import information, prices at the farmers has dropped from Rp 30 thousand per kilogram to Rp 20 thousand per kilogram. Especially if anyone realized,” said Akat.
Akat said, with the influx of imported red onions, the traders do not dare to buy local red onion with a high price. The entry of onion imports, according Akat, would only reduce the price at the farm level, not at the consumer level.
“Yesterday, the price at the farmers down there when importing information, but the retail price in the market is still high, still Rp 50 thousand to Rp 60 thousand per kilogram,” said Akat.
In the second half of 2013, the government gave import quota 16 781 tonnes of onion. Until August 25, 2013, it is estimated approximately 4,718 tons of onions will arrive in Indonesia.